I’d been meaning to read up on the Polio virus and how often one should get their child vaccinated for it. Here is some very useful information I found on BabyCenter India’s website.
Who does it affect?
Mostly children under the age of 5 and old people with weak immune systems.
How does the virus spread?
It spreads through the feaces of infected persons which makes it more common in places with poor sanitation. This highlights the importance of hygeine. Make sure that everyone in the house washes their hands after using the bathroom and before preparing or eating food. Ensure that you have clean drinking water.
How many types of Polio vaccines are there?
There are two types of vaccines: Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) and Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV)
What’s the difference between OPV and IPV?
The OPV is a live but diluted/weakened form of the polio virus. It produces antibodies to protect against the virus without causing the disease itself. It’s adminitered orally in the form of drops.
The IPV is an inactive form of the virus which is stronger and is administered via injection.
For more details go through the following article. I found it highly informative:
If you’re not sure about how often you should get your child vaccinated, here’s a schedule that might help guide you. However, do not rely on this alone and do speak with your child’s pediatrician about it as well.